The History Of Computer (Computer Generations)

  1. First generation (1940-1956): The first computers used vacuum tubes as the main electronic component, and they were large, expensive, and prone to overheating. These computers used machine language (binary code) as their primary programming language.
  2. Second generation (1956-1963): The second generation of computers introduced the use of transistors, which replaced vacuum tubes and made computers smaller, faster, and more reliable. These computers used assembly language as their primary programming language.
  3. Third generation (1964-1971): The third generation of computers introduced the use of integrated circuits (ICs), which further reduced the size and cost of computers and increased their speed and reliability. These computers used high-level programming languages such as FORTRAN and COBOL.
  4. Fourth generation (1972-1983): The fourth generation of computers introduced the use of microprocessors, which made it possible to fit the entire central processing unit (CPU) of a computer on a single chip. This led to the development of personal computers (PCs) that were affordable and accessible to the general public.
  5. Fifth generation (1984-present): The fifth generation of computers is characterized by the development of artificial intelligence (AI) and the use of parallel processing and supercomputers. These computers are used for tasks such as machine learning, data analysis, and simulations.
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